Data and Fire Resistant Safes

What would happen if you lost all your financial records and irreplaceable computer data? Conventional filing cabinets offer no fire protection and even fire resistant safes will not fully protect sensitive computer media.

Fire Rated Safes and Cabinets are specially designed for protecting paper and important documents. Many come with a minimum 1-hour fire-rating and have been tested using international standard tests that involve both heating the safe in a furnace and a drop test to simulate a building collapse.

Data Safes and Data Cabinets are specially designed for protecting paper, magnetic media such as computer disks and tapes, as well as microfilm and negatives.

 

JIS S 1037 Standard Fire Test

One of the common standards used for testing fire resistant safes is the Japanese Industrial Standard JIS S 1037. This standard consists of both 1-hour and a 2-hour testing procedures.

1-Hour Fire Test

1. Heat Test

The firesafe is put into a furnace and heated up to 927C (1700F) over a period of one hour.

2. Drop Test

 At the end of one hour the firesafe is removed from the furnace and dropped from a height of 4 meters onto a concrete and rubble floor. 

3. Opening

The firesafe is allowed to cool and then opened. The internal temperature must not have exceeded 177C (350F) and the contents must be completely undamaged by fire and legible.

2-Hour Fire Test

1. The firesafe is put into a furnace and heated up to 1010C (1850F) over a period of two hours, reaching 927C (1700F) after the first hour. 

2. At the end of two hours the firesafe is removed from the furnace and dropped from a height of 4 meters onto a concrete and rubble floor. 

3. The firesafe is allowed to cool and then opened. The internal temperature must not have exceeded 177C (350F) and the contents must be completely undamaged by fire and legible.

Note: The internal temperature must not exceed 52C for data cabinets.

 

Underwriters Laboratories (UL) Fire Ratings

Many  U.S. safe manufacturers provide ratings based on the UL standards. The standards consider the following tests:

Impact Test - The UL Impact Test calls for the safe to be heated to 1550 degrees for 30 minutes (1638 degrees for a 2 hour fire rated safe) then dropped onto concrete rubble from a height of 30 feet. The safe is then turned upside down and reheated for another 30 minutes (45 minutes for a 2 hour fire rated safe). During this process, it must maintain its integrity and protect all contents in order to pass the UL impact test. 

Explosion Hazard Test - All UL fire-rated safes must undergo this test, during which the unit is inserted into a preheated 2000 degree oven. If the safe is not constructed properly, the rapid heating will likely cause an explosion. 

Cool Down Test - This procedure is a key part of UL's fire testing procedures. After a one or two hour fire rating test, the safe is left in the oven for cool down time with the heat turned off. Because of the intensive heat of one and two hour tests, the temperature inside the safe will continue to rise for up to one hour after the oven is turned off. To pass UL testing, the safe's interior temperature may not exceed 350 degrees at any time during heat up or cool down procedures. 

Safes will be approved according to the following classifications:

FR - Fire resistant, un-rated insulated safe - This product is awaiting UL approval. 

Class 350 1/2 Hour Fire Rating - During this test, the safe is heated for one half hour to reach an exterior temperature of 1550 degrees. Because paper will begin to char at approximately 400 degrees, the unit being tested must maintain an interior temperature of less than 350 degrees during heat up and cool down testing in order to earn its rating. 

Class 350 1 Hour Fire Rating - To earn this rating, the safe is heated for one hour to reach an exterior temperature of 1550 degrees, then put through the cool down test. During this time the safe must maintain an interior temperature of less than 350 degrees. 

Class 350 1 Hour Fire & Impact Label - The safe has passed both UL impact testing and Class 350 1 hour fire testing (see above). 

Class 350 2 Hour Fire Rating - The safe is heated for two hours to reach an exterior temperature of 1550 degrees and must maintain an interior temperature of less than 350 degrees to earn this rating. 

Class 350 2 Hour Rating and Impact Label - The safe has passed both UL impact testing and Class 350 2 hour fire testing (see above). 

Make Name Rating ($)
CHUBB MICRO 61 CHUBB MICRO 61 N/A
CHUBB PROFILE NT 60 CHUBB PROFILE NT 60 N/A
CHUBB SECURE DISC CHUBB SECURE DISC N/A
CHUBB SECURE MEDIA COOLER CHUBB SECURE MEDIA COOLER N/A
CHUBB SECURE PAPER COOLER CHUBB SECURE PAPER COOLER N/A
CHUBB SURVIVAFILE UL 120 CHUBB SURVIVAFILE UL 120 N/A
CMI DATA SAFES CMI DATA SAFES N/A
TAIYO TAIYO N/A
CHUBB DATAPLUS CHUBB DATAPLUS 0
CHUBB FILESAFE CHUBB FILESAFE 0
CHUBB MEDIA INSERT CHUBB MEDIA INSERT 0
CHUBB SECURE DATA CHUBB SECURE DATA 0
CHUBB SECURE DIN CHUBB SECURE DIN 0
CHUBB SECURE DOC EXECUTIVE CHUBB SECURE DOC EXECUTIVE 0
CMI CLASS A HIGH SECURITY SAFES CMI CLASS A HIGH SECURITY SAFES 0
CMI CLASS B FIRE RESIST FILING CABINETS CMI CLASS B FIRE RESIST FILING CABINETS 0
CHUBB SECURE SAFE PRO S2 CHUBB SECURE SAFE PRO S2 4000
CHUBB SECURE SAFE TREND II CHUBB SECURE SAFE TREND II 4000
CMI DOCUMENT SAFE CMI DOCUMENT SAFE 5000
CMI FILING CABINET - STANDARD CMI FILING CABINET - STANDARD 5000
CMI HOMEGUARD HG2 CMI HOMEGUARD HG2 10000
CHUBB COBRA OFFICE CHUBB COBRA OFFICE 20000
CHUBB MINI BANKER CHUBB MINI BANKER 20000
CHUBB OMNI SAFE CHUBB OMNI SAFE 20000
CHUBB OXLEY MARK III CHUBB OXLEY MARK III 45000
Make Name Rating ($)
API DIPLOMAT FIRE SAFE API DIPLOMAT FIRE SAFE N/A
CHUBB MICRO 61 CHUBB MICRO 61 N/A
CHUBB PROFILE NT 60 CHUBB PROFILE NT 60 N/A
CHUBB SECURE DISC CHUBB SECURE DISC N/A
CHUBB SECURE MEDIA COOLER CHUBB SECURE MEDIA COOLER N/A
CHUBB SECURE PAPER COOLER CHUBB SECURE PAPER COOLER N/A
CHUBB SURVIVAFILE UL 120 CHUBB SURVIVAFILE UL 120 N/A
CMI DATA SAFES CMI DATA SAFES N/A
FIRE-RATED FILING CABINET FIRE-RATED FILING CABINET N/A
TAIYO TAIYO N/A
YALE FIRE SAFES YALE FIRE SAFES N/A
API DATA CABINETS API DATA CABINETS 0
API DOCUMENT CABINETS API DOCUMENT CABINETS 0
API FILING CABINETS API FILING CABINETS 0
CHUBB DATAPLUS CHUBB DATAPLUS 0
CHUBB FILESAFE CHUBB FILESAFE 0
CHUBB MEDIA INSERT CHUBB MEDIA INSERT 0
CHUBB SECURE DATA CHUBB SECURE DATA 0
CHUBB SECURE DIN CHUBB SECURE DIN 0
CHUBB SECURE DOC EXECUTIVE CHUBB SECURE DOC EXECUTIVE 0
CMI CLASS A HIGH SECURITY SAFES CMI CLASS A HIGH SECURITY SAFES 0
CMI CLASS B FIRE RESIST FILING CABINETS CMI CLASS B FIRE RESIST FILING CABINETS 0
FIRE RESISTING SAFES - 1 HOUR FIRE RESISTING SAFES - 1 HOUR 0
FIRE RESISTING SAFES - 2 HOUR FIRE RESISTING SAFES - 2 HOUR 0
LOCKTECH COMPACT FIRE RESISTANT LOCKTECH COMPACT FIRE RESISTANT 0
LOCKTECH DATA SAFE LOCKTECH DATA SAFE 0
LOCKTECH FIRE RESISTANT FILING CABINETS LOCKTECH FIRE RESISTANT FILING CABINETS 0
LOCKTECH PREMIUM DESIGN FIRE RESISTANT SAFES LOCKTECH PREMIUM DESIGN FIRE RESISTANT SAFES 0
CHUBB FIRE RESISTANT CHUBB FIRE RESISTANT 1000
FIRE-RATED DATA CABINETS FIRE-RATED DATA CABINETS 1000
FIRE-RATED DATA SAFES FIRE-RATED DATA SAFES 1000
CHUBB SECURE SAFE PRO S2 CHUBB SECURE SAFE PRO S2 4000
CHUBB SECURE SAFE TREND II CHUBB SECURE SAFE TREND II 4000
CMI DOCUMENT SAFE CMI DOCUMENT SAFE 5000
CMI FILING CABINET - STANDARD CMI FILING CABINET - STANDARD 5000
CMI HOMEGUARD HG2 CMI HOMEGUARD HG2 10000
CHUBB COBRA OFFICE CHUBB COBRA OFFICE 20000
CHUBB MINI BANKER CHUBB MINI BANKER 20000
CHUBB OMNI SAFE CHUBB OMNI SAFE 20000
CHUBB OXLEY MARK III CHUBB OXLEY MARK III 45000